In this article we focus on best ways to compost at home. According to the latest data, a rough estimate has been made for greenhouse gases that are emitted from the food we have wasted and the figure is up to 8 %. It is also estimated that half of food waste comes from different food service companies and our houses.
You can do efficient meal planning to reduce food wastage but you can’t eat food scrapes such as banana peels, pineapple tops, and leaves of carrots. Therefore if you start composting leftover food and plant waste material you can bring positive change to the climate.
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What Is the Composting Process?
Composting is an intrinsic decomposition mechanism in which the aerobic conversion of natural organic material into fertile soil litter takes place. The final product is called compost which is mostly dark in colour and has earthy odour.
Microorganisms that are found naturally in the soil feed on the waste material because they reproduce and grow by taking in nitrogen and carbon present in waste material and water for digestion, that is why compost tile is kept wet for best manure production.
How to Compost at Home?
You can compost at home either by making a pile in-pile compost or a bin or worm composting in a bin. Worm composting requires special temperatures, environmental conditions, and worms to decompose the material.
For home composting, you have to follow these steps;
- Collect the green and brown material as ingredients for the compost pile.
- Make a place for the compost pile either in the soil or in any container to be kept in the soil.
- Prepare the ingredients by chopping them into smaller pieces.
- Make alternative layers of brown and green materials of about 5-6 inches with a total height of up to 3 feet of the whole pile.
- If you know how to compost at home then you know how to maintain compost by mixing the compost tile after a week or two and checking for moisture content.
- When the compost pile does not heat during mixing, it means the compost is ready to harvest.
How to Compost Leaves:
It is very easy to understand how to compost leaves because it follows these simple steps;
- First of all, the compost bin and pile are selected then the leaves into it.
- Add nitrogen-rich materials layer by layer with leaves.
- With the same for each layer, the pile should be a maximum of 3 feet high.
- Turn the compost in a month and check for moisture, it moisture content is low, spray water on it.
- Monitor the moisture content and turn the compost frequently until it gets ready for use.
Do you know how to compost leaves quickly? Well, it is very easy to understand how to compost leaves quickly because it is a similar process to composting leaves. You just need to some compost accelerators such as green organic materials in the start and need to turn compost twice a week with the addition of another layer of green waste.
How to Compost Food Waste:
It is similar to how to compost leaves but the ingredients are different. Food waste compost consists of fruit peels, pits, vegetable scraps, grains, pasta, bread, tea leaves, egg shells, and any other kitchen or food material.
You have to mix the above brown material ingredients with green ingredients to set up the tile but keep in mind to put some brown material on top. The remaining compost process will be the same as that of leaves or other materials.
Do you live in the compartment and want to know how to compost in a bin? It is very similar to compost in the yard where you have to mix both green and brown material and set up a compost tile. It is regularly turned and moisture content is also checked but methane gas is not produced in the bin and carbon is also sequestered.
How to Compost in the Winter
To compost waste material in winter, it is necessary to put the green nitrogen material in the center to heat the compost tile and insulate it to avoid freezing.
How to Compost for Garden:
It is a gardening tip to know how to compost for a garden because, for garden compost, the ratio of green to brown material is different. It requires half of the green material that is rich in nitrogen and half brown material that is rich in carbon.
This will produce a fertile soil that provides the best nutrition to the garden plants. The growth of vegetation in your home garden is increased significantly if you know how to compost for your garden.
Why to Compost at Home?
Composting is a natural recycling process that is a great way to reduce trash. We should compost waste material at home because;
- It helps to recycle your household waste and make fertile soil for the home garden.
- It reduces the volume of disposed of material therefore reducing the emission of greenhouse gases in the environment.
- It does not require special techniques and expertise.
- You can save your assets by producing your natural fertilizer for the garden and you can plant a rose garden your favorite one.
What is compost?
Compost is a natural and organic process to recycle various organic materials including food leftovers, and parts of plants into a beneficial fertilizer that can help plants to grow and improve the quality of soil.
How beginner can do composting at home?
Beginners can do composting at home by putting compost pile on naked soil, then putting straws and twigs some inches deep, now the turn is of compost material, it should be added in layers of moisture and dryness. Finally nitrogen source is added in the form of green dung (manure) and the whole compost tile is kept wet.
Can you do composting directly into the earth or soil?
Yes, it is an easier way to do composting and it can save your energy and time.
How much time is needed for composting of food scraps?
It can take 2 weeks to almost 2 years depending on the type of food, the size of the compost pile, and how it is treated afterward.